Types of elevators

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Elevators have many types for passengers and freight.

Passenger elevator

Main article: Passenger Elevator

A passenger elevator is designed to move people between a building's floors.

Variations of passenger elevators:

Freight elevator

Main article: Freight Elevator

A freight elevator, or goods lift, is an elevator designed to carry goods, rather than passengers.

Variations of freight elevators:

  • Dumbwaiters, used to carry smaller goods.
  • Vehicle elevators, used within buildings or areas with limited space, typically to move cars into the parking garage or manufacturer's storage.

Double-deck elevator

Main article: Double Deck Elevator

Double-deck elevators save time and space in high-occupancy buildings by mounting one car upon another. One car stops at even floors and the other stops at the odd floors. Depending on their destination, passengers can mount one car in the lobby or take an escalator to a landing for the alternate car.

Wheelchair or platform lift

Main article: Wheelchair lift


Drive systems: Traction • Hydraulic

Types of elevators: Double DeckDumbwaiterFireman'sFreightIncline • PassengerResidentialWheelchair lift

Concept: Destination dispatchElevator algorithm • Elevator control systemElevator machine room • Elevator maintenanceElevator major alterationsElevator modernizationMachine room less elevator

Elevator systems, controllers and equipments: Elevator fixtures • Elevator keys • Elevator special modesElevator doorsDoor interlocks (Interlock wiring communication system) • Elevator Inspection Certificate • Old Deadman controls • Overspeed governorMotor-generator set & Silicon-controlled rectifier (for DC-powered elevators) • Insulated-gate bipolar transistor (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators)

See Also: List of elevator fixtures guide • List of elevator and escalator companiesUnlucky floor numbers • Elevator incidents and accidents

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