1874 (Lucerne, Switzerland)
Robert Schindler and Eduard Villiger
Schindler Elevator is the second-largest elevator manufacturer and the largest escalator manufacturer in the world based in Switzerland. The main headquarter (as well as the top division range) and lift testing tower is located in Ebikon, the municipality of Lucerne.
Schindler was founded in 1874 by Robert Schindler and Eduard Villiger. Soon, they established a mechanical engineering workshop on an island in the Reuss River in Lucerne, Switzerland. At that time, the company was called "Schindler & Villiger". In 1892, Eduard Villiger leaves the partnership and the company continues under the name of Robert Schindler, Machinery Manufacturer.
Schindler founded the first foreign subsidiary in Berlin (Germany) in 1906. Thereafter, the company expanded continuously and mainly throughout Europe. The company establishes it's branch in London in 1960, operates under the name "Platt-Schindler". In the 1970s, Schindler moves to its current headquarter in Ebikon, Switzerland.
In 1980, Schindler founded the first Western industrial joint venture in the People's Republic of China, and establishing China Schindler Elevator Co. Ltd. (or later Schindler China).
Schindler first entered the American elevator market in 1979 by acquiring Haughton Elevator Company and Armor Elevator in 1982. Later in 1989, Schindler purchased Westinghouse Electric's elevator devision. Schindler currently has its American headquarters located in Morristown, New Jersey.
Invented in 1955, it was the first programmed control system elevator.
Invented in 1965.
Invented in 1970.
Variomatic and TransitronicEdit
Invented in 1972.
Miconic 10 and Schindler IDEdit
Main article: Miconic 10
Miconic 10 was introduced in 1996, and was the industry first of an innovative type of control systems now known as hall call destination system. The system features keypads and LED screens instead of hall button stations whereby riders enter their desired floor before entering an elevator car. The system then directs the rider to a specific elevator car while grouping riders traveling to nearby floors together. Schindler claims this minimizes the number of stops, and decreases congestion and travel time—especially during peak traffic periods. The system was continuously further developed and new functions were amended eventually evolving in systems which guarantee highly efficient and energy saving traffic management. Especially in high rise buildings traffic management systems like Miconic 10 and Schindler ID allow building designers to maximize rentable space and transport efficiency. Moreover, access control becomes feasible.
The 9300 escalators are the standard modular escalator product line launched in 1997, and are still produced to this date. Later in 2004, an advanced edition of the same series (9300 AE) was introduced.
The SchindlerMobile is a self-propelled car has wheels to move itself up and down self-supporting aluminum columns. It doesn't have a machine room, no suspension ropes, and no hoistway walls. It was introduced in 1997, but later discontinued and replaced with the EuroLift product line in 2001.
Smart M.R.L. 001 & 002Edit
One of the first Schindler M.R.L. product, the 001 series was launched in 1998, while the second generation (002) launched in 1999.
700 and Double Deck elevatorsEdit
Introduced in 2002, the Schindler 700 elevators are for high rise buildings with heights up to 500 meters and speeds of up to 10 meters per second. It contains a large number of technical innovations like the Active Ride Control system ARC, the Ceramic Safety Breaks and the Modular Shaft Information System MoSIS. Nowadays the product line is replaced to the Schindler 7000 (Single-deck & Multi-deck).
- Main article: PORT (Schindler)
The PORT Technology personal transit management was invented in 2009 to remove many of the existing constraints on interior layouts, thereby allowing architects greater creative freedom when designing the next generation of buildings. The technology consists of a standalone terminal (installed on the wall or on a standalone pillar) with an LCD monitor that used to choose a floor destination, similar to the Miconic 10.
300A, 321A, 330A and 400A (US Models)Edit
After Schindler got a good grip on the art of hydraulic and traction elevators in the US, they came out with the 300A (in-ground hydraulic), then later the 321A (a holeless telescoping hydraulic model). Both models were then superseded by the 330A (released March 15, 2001), which comes in the standard in-ground system as well as the Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic system. The 330A Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic elevator is based off the design that DEVE used in Sweden (also used in Australia and the United Kingdom), whereby the hydraulic pistons are inverted (turned up-side down) and the casing is mounted to the side of the elevator car. This model comes in both single-post and twin-post models. After the 330A came the 400A Traction elevator system which comes in MRL, standard MRA (Machine room Above) and MRS (Machine room on Side), and has since been improved and now known as 400AE (AE which is stand for Advanced Editon.). This model has a capacity of up to 4000lbs or 1818KG travelling at up to 500fpm or 2.5m/s and can be integrated with Schindler PORT Destination Dispatch systems
- Jardine Schindler Lifts (Hong Kong, Macau and some countries in Asia, 1974)
- Knizia Strelow (Essen, Germany, 1974)
Main article: List of Notable Installations of Schindler Elevator
- 19?? - United Lift Company (United Kingdom)
- 1979 - Haughton (United States)
- 1980s - Keighley Lifts (United Kingdom)
- 1982 - Armor Elevators (United States)
- 1984 - Precision Elevator Pty. Ltd. (Australia)
- 1987 - Nippon Elevator Industry Co. Ltd. (Japan)
- 1989 - Adams Elevator (United States)
- 1989 - Westinghouse Electric Corp. (United States)
- 1990 - Deve (Sweden)
- 1998 - Haushahn (Germany)
- 1999 - Atlas (Brazil)
- 2006 - Hyundai (South Korea)
- 2010 - Reliable Elevator (United States)
- 2011 - Midland Elevator (United States)
2006 Minato Ward Elevator AccidentEdit
In June 2006, a 16 year old Ichikawa was killed by a Schindler elevator maintained by SEC Elevator in a condominium in Minato Ward, Tokyo, Japan. This incident was known as "2006 Minato Ward Elevator Accident". (see the article in Wikipedia)
- In the United Kingdom, Schindler was once known as "Platt-Schindler" in the 1960s until the early 1970s.
- There have been several criticisms related to Schindler products, such as elevator malfunctions, breakdowns and door errors, especially in United States.
- In 2006, Schindler acquires 25.5% stake of Hyundai Elevator Co. Ltd..
- During in the 1980s, when Schindler acquired Keighley Lifts, their products were branded as Keighley Schindler.
- In the United States, when Schindler acquired Haughton (an elevator company based in Toledo, Ohio) in 1979, their products were branded as Schindler Haughton until 1989.
Notes and referencesEdit
- ↑ Interesting DEVE elevator @ Denbies Wine Estate, Dorking (by Anjasomc)
- ↑ Lift at Denbies wine estate (by Beno)
- ↑ Joint venture between Schindler Group in Switzerland and Jardine Matheson in Hong Kong.
- ↑ Now part of Haushahn Group.
- ↑ [http://beno.org.uk/lift/united.html The United Lift Company (Beno Lift Guide)
- ↑ Only 25.5% of the stake.
- ↑ Schindler acquires Midland Elevator.
- Official website
- Jardine Schindler Group site (now it will be redirected to Schindler Group Hong Kong website)
- The PORT Technology - official website
- Knizia Strelow official website
- A complete history of Schindler Corp.
|List of Elevator and Escalator Brands|
Notable / Historic Minor brands: A&P. Steven • Asea Graham • Automobile Rotary Lift Co. • Bennie Lifts • Boral • CNIM • Deve • Dong Yang • EPL • Ellis & McDougall • Fiam • Giant • GoldStar • Hammond & Champness • Haughton • Haushahn • Hitachi • Johns & Waygood • LG • Marryat & Scott • Marshall • Montgomery • Nippon • Pickerings Lifts • Sabiem • Shanghai Mitsubishi • Stannah • Toshiba • U.S. Elevator • Waygood Otis • Westinghouse • Xizi Otis
Indonesian brands: Indolift
|Other than above are marked as generic elevator companies.|