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Schindler

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Schindler Group
Schindler -New 2006-

Founded

1874 (Lucerne, Switzerland)

Founder

Robert Schindler and Eduard Villiger

Headquarter

Ebikon, Switzerland

Website

Schindler Group

Schindler Elevator is the second-largest elevator manufacturer and the largest escalator manufacturer in the world based in Switzerland. The main headquarter (as well as the top division range) and lift testing tower is located in Ebikon, the municipality of Lucerne.

History

Schindler was founded in 1874 by Robert Schindler and Eduard Villiger. Soon, they established a mechanical engineering workshop on an island in the Reuss River in Lucerne, Switzerland. At that time, the company was called "Schindler & Villiger". In 1892, Eduard Villiger leaves the partnership and the company continues under the name of Robert Schindler, Machinery Manufacturer.

Schindler founded the first foreign subsidiary in Berlin (Germany) in 1906. Thereafter, the company expanded continuously and mainly throughout Europe. The company establishes its branch in London in 1960, operating under the name "Platt-Schindler". In the 1970s, Schindler moves to its current headquarter in Ebikon, Switzerland.

In 1980, Schindler founded the first Western industrial joint venture in the People's Republic of China, and established China Schindler Elevator Co. Ltd. (or later Schindler China).

Schindler first entered the American elevator market in 1979 by acquiring Haughton Elevator Company and Armor Elevator in 1982. Later in 1989, Schindler purchased Westinghouse Electric's elevator division. Schindler currently has its American headquarters located in Morristown, New Jersey.

In 1996, Schindler introduce its destination dispatch system called Miconic 10. Schindler became a major elevator market player in South America after acquiring Atlas Elevator in Brazil in 1999.

Notable products

Supermatic

Supermatic was invented in 1955. It was the first programmed control system elevator ever invented by Schindler.

Dynatron

Invented in 1965.

Zonamatic

Invented in 1970.

Variomatic and Transitronic

Invented in 1972.

designS

Main article: Schindler design S

Schindler design S was a modular elevator introduced in 1984.

Miconic 10 and Schindler ID

Main article: Miconic 10

Miconic 10 was introduced in 1996, and was the industry first of an innovative type of control systems now known as hall call destination system. The system features keypads and LED screens instead of hall button stations whereby riders enter their desired floor before entering an elevator car. The system then directs the rider to a specific elevator car while grouping riders traveling to nearby floors together. Schindler claims this minimizes the number of stops, and decreases congestion and travel time—especially during peak traffic periods. The system was continuously further developed and new functions were amended eventually evolving in systems which guarantee highly efficient and energy saving traffic management. Especially in high rise buildings traffic management systems like Miconic 10 and Schindler ID allow building designers to maximize rentable space and transport efficiency. Moreover, access control becomes feasible.

Miconic 10 was discontinued in 2012 and replaced by the current PORT elevators.

Schindler 9300 escalators

The 9300 escalators are the standard modular escalator product line launched in 1997, and are still produced to this date. Later in 2004, an advanced edition of the same series (9300 AE) was introduced.

SchindlerMobile

Main article: SchindlerMobile

The SchindlerMobile is a self-propelled car has wheels to move itself up and down self-supporting aluminum columns. It doesn't have a machine room, no suspension ropes, and no hoistway walls. It was introduced in 1997, but later discontinued and replaced with the Schindler EuroLift elevators in 2001.

Smart MRL

Main article: SchindlerSmart MRL

One of the first Schindler machine room less elevators, this model is divided into two series; 001 series was launched in 1998, while the second generation, 002, launched in 1999. This model has been discontinued in 2001 and replaced by the EuroLift.

Schindler ID

Main article: Schindler ID

Schindler ID was introduced in 2000 and the evolution of Miconic 10 with building and accessibility management system.

Schindler 300

Main article: Schindler 300

Schindler 300 was a series of elevator models available in North and South America, Asia-Pacific, Japan, and Australia-New Zealand.

Schindler 700 and Double Deck elevators

Main article: Schindler 700 and Schindler 7000

Introduced in 2002, the Schindler 700 elevators are for high rise buildings with heights up to 500 meters and speeds of up to 10 meters per second. It contains a large number of technical innovations like the Active Ride Control system ARC, the Ceramic Safety Breaks and the Modular Shaft Information System MoSIS. Nowadays the product line is replaced to the Schindler 7000 (Single-deck & Multi-deck).

Schindler 300A, 321A, 330A and 400A (US Models)

Main article: Schindler 300A, Schindler 321A, Schindler 330A, and Schindler 400A
How a Schindler Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic Elevator works (AU Euro versions)05:21

How a Schindler Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic Elevator works (AU Euro versions)

DEVE, DEVE-Schindler and Schindler Euro & Australian holeless telescoping hydraulic elevator

How a Telescoping Holeless Hydraulic Elevator Really Works03:21

How a Telescoping Holeless Hydraulic Elevator Really Works

US Schindler 330A Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic elevator

After Schindler got a good grip on the art of hydraulic and traction elevators in the US, they came out with the 300A (in-ground hydraulic), then later the 321A (a holeless telescoping hydraulic model). Both models were then superseded by the 330A (released March 15, 2001), which comes in the standard in-ground system as well as the Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic system. The 330A Holeless Telescoping Hydraulic elevator is based off the design that DEVE used in Sweden (also used in Australia and the United Kingdom[1][2]), whereby the hydraulic pistons are inverted (turned up-side down) and the casing is mounted to the side of the elevator car. This model comes in both single-post and twin-post models. After the 330A came the 400A Traction elevator system which comes in MRL, standard MRA (Machine room Above) and MRS (Machine room on Side), and has since been improved and now known as 400AE (AE which is stand for Advanced Editon.). This model has a capacity of up to 4000lbs or 1818KG travelling at up to 500fpm or 2.5m/s and can be integrated with Schindler PORT Destination Dispatch systems.

Information on current elevator models in the USA

Schindler 3300

Main article: Schindler 3300

Schindler 3300 is the current low to mid-rise machine room less elevator system available in Asia Pacific, Europe and the United States. It was introduced in 2008.

PORT Technology

Main article: PORT (Schindler)

The PORT Technology personal transit management was invented in 2009 to remove many of the existing constraints on interior layouts, thereby allowing architects greater creative freedom when designing the next generation of buildings. The technology consists of a standalone terminal (installed on the wall or on a standalone pillar) with an LCD monitor that used to choose a floor destination, similar to the Miconic 10. PORT is the successor of Miconic 10 and Schindler ID.

Schindler 5500

Main article: Schindler 5500

The Schindler 5500 is the latest elevator system designed for mid to high-rise buildings (can travel up to 50 floors). Introduced in 2013, it is available in either a machine room less or mini machine room. Schindler 5500 is the successor of Schindler 5400 and 5400 AP.

Notable installations

Main article: List of Notable Installations of Schindler Elevator

Acquisitions and joint ventures

Acquisitions

  • 19?? - United Lift Company (United Kingdom)[3]
  • 1979 - Haughton (United States)
  • 1980s - Keighley Lifts (United Kingdom)
  • 1982 - Armor Elevators (United States)
  • 1984 - Precision Elevator Pty. Ltd. (Australia)
  • 1987 - Nippon Elevator Industry Co. Ltd. (Japan)
  • 1989 - Adams Elevator (United States)
  • 1989 - Westinghouse Electric Corp. (United States)
  • 1990 - Deve (Sweden)
  • 1996 - Nechushtan-Schindler (Israel)
  • 1998 - Haushahn (Germany)
  • 1999 - Atlas (Brazil)
  • 2003 - Jong Ang Elevator Co. Ltd. (South Korea)
  • 2006 - Hyundai (South Korea)[4]
  • 2009 - Saudi Elevator Corp. (Saudi Arabia)
  • 2010 - Reliable Elevator (United States)
  • 2011 - Midland Elevator (United States)[5]

Joint ventures

  • 1974 - Jardine, Matheson & Co. Ltd. (or Jardine Pacific in Hong Kong, Jardine Schindler Group[6])
  • 1988 - Suzhou Elevator Company (People's Republic of China)
  • 1996 - Saigon Engineering Co. Ltd. (Vietnam)
  • 2011 - Xuchang Xiji Elevator (People's Republic of China)

Trivia

  • In the United Kingdom, Schindler was once known as "Platt-Schindler" in the 1960s until the early 1970s.
  • There have been several criticisms related to Schindler products, such as elevator malfunctions, breakdowns and door errors, especially in United States.
  • In 2006, Schindler acquires 25.5% stake of Hyundai Elevator Co. Ltd..
  • During in the 1980s, when Schindler acquired Keighley Lifts, their products were branded as Keighley Schindler.
  • In the United States, when Schindler acquired Haughton (an elevator company based in Toledo, Ohio) in 1979, their products were branded as Schindler Haughton until 1989. 
  • In France, their elevators were often branded as Roux Columbaluzier Schindler or RCS from the 1960s to 1992.

Video

Schindler 300A RT Hydraulic Elevator @ Sears, Nanuet, NY02:26

Schindler 300A RT Hydraulic Elevator @ Sears, Nanuet, NY

Schindler 300 A hydraulic elevator (with RT fixtures) in Sears, Nanuet, NY, United States

See also

Gallery

Logos

Other

Notes and references

  1. Interesting DEVE elevator @ Denbies Wine Estate, Dorking (by Anjasomc)
  2. Lift at Denbies wine estate (by Beno)
  3. [http://beno.org.uk/lift/united.html The United Lift Company (Beno Lift Guide)
  4. Only 25.5% of the stake.
  5. Schindler acquires Midland Elevator.
  6. They were a partnership relations since 1929 (Jardines: Group Companies > Jardine Pacific > Jardine Schindler).

External Links

List of elevator and escalator companies

Major companies: DoverExpress LiftFujitecHyundaiKleemannKoneMitsubishiOtisSchindlerSigmaThyssenThyssenKrupp


Other/small/historic companies: A&P. StevenArmorAsea GrahamAutomobile Rotary Lift Co.Bennie LiftsBoralCNIMDeveDong YangDufordElevators Pty. Ltd.ElexEllis & McDougallEvans LiftsFiamGiantGoldStarHammond & ChampnessHaughtonHaushahnHitachiIFEIndoliftJohns & WaygoodKoppel A.W.LG-OTISLGLiftmaterialMarryat & ScottMarshallMontgomeryMontgomery KONEMP LiftsNipponOrenstein & KoppelOrona/Electra VitoriaPickerings LiftsSabiemSeabergShanghai MitsubishiSJECStaleyStannahThymanThyssenKrupp DongyangToshibaU.S. ElevatorWaygood OtisWestinghouseXizi Otis


Generic elevator component companies: AdamsC.J. AndersonDewhurst (ERM) • DMG (Mad) • ECIESIEpcoGALInnovation IndustriesLiSAMonitorPTLSalientSchaeferSTEPMore...

Other than above are marked as generic elevator companies.

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