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Passenger elevator

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passenger elevator is designed to move people between a building's floors.[1]

Passenger elevator

Capacity

Passenger elevators' capacity is related to the available floor space. Generally passenger elevators are available in capacities from 1,000 to 6,000 pounds (450–2,700 kg) in 500 lb (230 kg) increments.

Speed

Generally passenger elevators in buildings eight floors or less are hydraulic or traction, which can reach speeds up to 200 ft/min (1.0 m/s) hydraulic and up to 500 ft/min traction. In buildings up to ten floors, traction and gearless elevators are likely to have speeds up to 500 ft/min (2.5 m/s), and above ten floors speeds begin at 500 ft/min (2.5 m/s) up to 2000 ft/min (10 m/s).

Bed elevator

A bed elevator is a deeper version of passenger elevators, and can be used to carry beds or stretchers in addition to passengers. In hospitals that have separate bed and passenger elevators, the bed elevator is usually reserved for patients only.

Most bed elevators are available in capacities of 750 and 1000kg. Most bed elevators' speed are slightly slower than passenger elevators' speed, to make the patient feel comfortable when riding in the elevator.

Service elevator

A service elevator is normally used by building staffs instead of other people. Sometimes, these elevators maybe used to carry goods instead of passengers. Most service elevators are slower than passenger elevators.

The service elevators dimensions can be the same or larger than passenger elevators, deep like bed elevators, but most service elevators do not as large as freight elevators.

Glass/scenic/observation elevator

The observation elevator puts the cab on the outside of the building. Glass-walled elevator cars allow passengers to view the cityscape or the building’s atrium as they travel. By eliminating the hoistways, the observation elevator also offers owners, architects and builders valuable space-saving advantages.

Residential/home elevator

Main article: Home elevator

Notes and references

Elevator 

Drive systems: Traction • Hydraulic


Types of elevators: Double DeckDumbwaiterFireman'sFreightIncline • PassengerResidentialWheelchair lift


Concept: Destination dispatchElevator algorithm • Elevator control systemElevator machine room • Elevator maintenanceElevator major alterationsElevator modernizationMachine room less elevator


Elevator systems, controllers and equipments: Elevator fixtures • Elevator keys • Elevator special modesElevator doorsDoor camDoor interlocks (Interlock wiring communication system) • Door restrictorElevator Inspection CertificateEmergency stop buttonFloor designatorsGate switch • Old Deadman controls • Overspeed governorMotor-generator set & Silicon-controlled rectifier (for DC-powered elevators) • Insulated-gate bipolar transistor (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators) • Regenerative converter (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators)


See also: List of elevator fixtures guide • List of elevator and escalator companies • Elevator door sill guide (Generic elevator component door sill guide) • Floor numbering (Unlucky floor numbers) • Elevator incidents and accidents

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