A passenger elevator is designed to move people between a building's floors.
Passenger elevators' capacity is related to the available floor space. Generally passenger elevators are available in capacities from 1,000 to 6,000 pounds (450–2,700 kg) in 500 lb (230 kg) increments.
Generally passenger elevators in buildings eight floors or less are hydraulic or traction, which can reach speeds up to 200 ft/min (1.0 m/s) hydraulic and up to 500 ft/min traction. In buildings up to ten floors, traction and gearless elevators are likely to have speeds up to 500 ft/min (2.5 m/s), and above ten floors speeds begin at 500 ft/min (2.5 m/s) up to 2000 ft/min (10 m/s).
A bed elevator is a deeper version of passenger elevators, and can be used to carry beds or stretchers in addition to passengers. In hospitals that have separate bed and passenger elevators, the bed elevator is usually reserved for patients only.
Most bed elevators are available in capacities of 750 and 1000kg. Most bed elevators' speed are slightly slower than passenger elevators' speed, to make the patient feel comfortable when riding in the elevator.
A service elevator is normally used by building staffs instead of other people. Sometimes, these elevators maybe used to carry goods instead of passengers. Most service elevators are slower than passenger elevators.
The service elevators dimensions can be the same or larger than passenger elevators, deep like bed elevators, but most service elevators do not as large as freight elevators.
The observation elevator puts the cab on the outside of the building. Glass-walled elevator cars allow passengers to view the cityscape or the building’s atrium as they travel. By eliminating the hoistways, the observation elevator also offers owners, architects and builders valuable space-saving advantages.
Main article: Home elevator
Notes and references
Concept: Destination dispatch • Elevator algorithm • Elevator control system • Elevator machine room • Elevator maintenance • Elevator major alterations • Elevator modernization • Machine room less elevator
Elevator systems, controllers and equipments: Elevator fixtures • Elevator keys • Elevator special modes • Elevator doors • Door cam • Door interlocks (Interlock wiring communication system) • Door restrictor • Elevator Inspection Certificate • Emergency stop button • Floor designators • Gate switch • Old Deadman controls • Overspeed governor • Motor-generator set & Silicon-controlled rectifier (for DC-powered elevators) • Insulated-gate bipolar transistor (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators) • Regenerative converter (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators)
See also: List of elevator fixtures guide • List of elevator and escalator companies • Elevator door sill guide (Generic elevator component door sill guide) • Floor numbering (Unlucky floor numbers) • Elevator incidents and accidents