1910 (Espoo, Uusimaa, Finland)
Espoo, Finland and Moline, Illnois, United States
Kone (officially typeset KONE, and pronounced "KOH-nay" in the U.S.) is the fourth-largest elevator manufacturer in the world and (possibly) the world's largest production of machine room less (M.R.L.) elevators. It is currently headquartered in Espoo, Finland. Kone also has it's own elevator test center located in Tytyri, Finland called Kone Test Centre which was originally a limestone mine. Kone is also an escalator manufacturer, and a moving walkway manufacturer.
1910 to 1970s
Kone was established on October 27, 1910 as an importer of the Swedish elevator company Graham Brothers. However, the licensing agreement between both companies ended in 1917, after Finland declared independence from Russia. In 1918, Kone decided to make their own elevators.
In 1919, Kone had produced five elevators and by 1924, the company had produced more than 100 elevators. 3000 elevators were produced by KONE in the 1940s. In 1967, a new elevator factory was established in Hyvinkaa, Finland, replacing the previous factory that was located in Haapainiemi Street.
In 1968, Kone acquired the Swedish elevator manufacturer Asea-Graham, which had branches in Denmark and Norway. In the 1970's Kone acquired several European companies such as Stigler (Spain), CNIM (France), Orenstein & Koppel (Germany) and Marryat & Scott and few other companies in England. In 1978, Westinghouse's European Elevator was acquired by Kone. Westinghouse was the market leader in France and Belgium.
1980s to 1990s
Kone entered the American elevator market in 1981 by acquiring the New York-based Armor Elevator Company. In 1985, Kone entered in the Italian market by acquiring Fiam and Sabiem. Later in 1994, Kone acquired Montgomery Elevators in the United States. In the same year, Kone entered the Indonesian market by forming a joint venture with Indolift, and eventually the company was fully acquired by Kone a year later.
In 1996, Kone introduce their machine room less elevator product line MonoSpace and its signature hoisting machine EcoDisc, which was the world's first machine room less elevator system. Shortly after that, many rival companies such as Otis, Schindler and others began making their own MRL elevators due to KONE's product advantage and popularity.
In 1998, Kone made a partnership with Toshiba Elevator and Building Systems Corporation to made machine room less elevator system for Toshiba. These elevators were known as the "SPACEL-UNI" elevators.. In 2004, Toshiba associated with Kone to make double deck elevator. The first one was installed in Kone Test Centre, Tytyri, Finland. Another such elevators were installed in Taipei 101, Taipei, Taiwan.
2000s to present
In 2007, Kone announced that they would stop producing hydraulic elevators, and replace them with the EcoSpace MRL. This is because hydraulic elevators are inefficient due to environmental concern such as land pollution caused by hydraulic oil fluid and consumes much more energy, up to 30-40% more.
In June 2013, Kone launched a new high-rise elevator technology, called KONE UltraRope, which enables future elevator travel heights of 1 kilometer (about .62 miles). KONE UltraRope is extremely light due to its carbon fibre core and a high-friction coating. Because of these qualities, elevator energy consumption in high-rise buildings can be cut significantly..
In 2014, Kone launched a new elevator modernization system called KONE NanoSpace. It is a machine-room-less elevator full-replacement solution which can replace an old elevator in as little as two weeks compared to the industry average of six, significantly improving the comfort of residents living in multi-floor buildings.
At the same time, Kone, with association with it's daugher company, Motala Hissar AB, launched KONE ProSpace, a very small elevator that is the successor of MOTALA Hissar MC6000, and also very similar to it. Kone ProSpace is designed for smaller buildings that previously did not have any elevators, and the elevator space is very efficient compared to a normal elevator. KONE ProSpace initially launched in the scandinavian market but has since been expanded to the rest of europe .
The KONE Design introduced in 1985, unoficically called as M-series among fans, was a standard elevator design geared mostly to the scandinavian market. It commonly used the M buttons fixture line with properitary traction or hydraulic equipments. They were known for using TrafficMaster 256, an elevator logic that controls the traction motor using thyristors, and was well-known for it's efficient direct-approach levling! They were also used with Hydronic 300 hydraulic tanks, developed by Kone's swedish branch office!
Kone Novel Elements
Introduced in the early 90's as the succedor to the 1985 design, it had a more modern approach and with it, it introduced traction elevators controlled by inverters. At this time, the TMS50 controller was introduced, succeding the TMS256. the TMS50 was also used among the first KONE Ecodics before the LCECPU was introduced! Novel Elements was the last model to feature hinged doors and no innerdoors. the next segments only had automatic doors.
- Main article: Kone EcoDisc
Kone EcoDisc is the world's first gearless hoisting machine for machine room less elevator system introduced in 1996 along with the MonoSpace elevator. It has different series and sizes depends on the application. There are also other Kone motors which based on EcoDisc such as Kone PowerDisc and Kone EcoReel.
Kone Stella was an cheap hydraulic alternative model to the MonoSpace introduced in 1998 by Kone's italian branch. It uses a variant of Hydronic 300, wich was sold to an italian generic supplier that also designed the stella series with Kone Italy.
- Main article: Kone MonoSpace
Kone MonoSpace is a standard machine room less elevator model powered by Kone EcoDisc hoisting machine for low to mid-rise buildings. Introduced in 1996, this is the first machine room less elevator system in the world.
- Main article: Kone MiniSpace
Kone MiniSpace is a standard compact/mini machine room traction elevator model for low to high-rise buildings. Like MonoSpace, it is also powered by EcoDisc.
Kone MaxiSpace is a machine room less elevator designed for existing buildings, either installing a new elevator where there wasn't one before or replace an old existing one. It eliminates traditional counterweight in the shaft which can increases the space in the elevator car up to 50%. It is also faster to install and does not require too much construction costs on installation. MaxiSpace is powered by Kone PowerDisc (GMX1), which is a motor based on the EcoDisc.
Kone NanoSpace is a machine room less elevator for replacement of old elevators, which can replace in as little as two weeks. This elevator system replaces traditional large counterweights in the shaft with two balancing weights. NanoSpace features the KONE HybridHoisting hoisting system which consists of belt and ropes; the belt moves the elevator car and the ropes suspend the car in the shaft. The motor (KONE EcoReel) which is based on the Kone EcoDisc but much more compact, is installed in the shaft pit. Installation only requires two weeks as there are fewer components and large equipments are installed at the bottom of the shaft. The controller cabinet is only located on the lowest floor instead on the highest floor.
Kone ProSpace is another machine room less elevator system, designed for existing buildings that previously did not have an elevator. It is a complete elevator solution that is smaller and efficient, so small that it can be installed in limited spaces like a stairwell. ProSpace is a self-supporting elevator without the need of major building alterations or putting stress load in the building. Like MaxiSpace and NanoSpace, Kone ProSpace installation only requires as little as in two weeks because it is lightweight, requires little space and does not have machine room. Furthermore, the quicker installation minimizes distruptions in the building. ProSpace was launched in association with Motala Hissar AB, and it is a successor of the MOTALA Hissar MC6000 because of its similar design. In Italy, ProSpace is called MySpace.
- Main article: Kone TranSys
This is a freight and service machine room less elevator model which is based on Kone MonoSpace. In the United Kingdom, it is known as Kone MonoGoods.
- Main article: Kone Alta
Kone Alta was a high speed elevator model for high-rise buildings which comes in either single or double deck cars, and powered by the EcoDisc MX100 hoisting motor.
- Main article: Kone JumpLift
EcoMod is the world's first escalator modernization solution introduced since 2004. The current version is called EcoMod 2, which was introduced since 2010.
- 1968 - Asea-Graham (Sweden)
- 1970 - Sowitsch AG (Austria)
- 1972 - Falconi (Italy, French subsidiary)
- 1973 - Havermeier & Sanders (Germany)
- 1974 - Whitbread Lifts (United Kingdom)
- 1975 - Westinghouse European Elevators (Belgium, Germany and France)
- 1979 - Marryat & Scott (United Kingdom, Singapore and Hong Kong divisions)
- 1981 - Armor (United States)
- 1984 - Sabiem (Italy)
- 1985 - Montgomery (Canadian division)
- 1986 - Bennie Lifts Limited (United Kingdom)
- 1987 - Fiam (Italy)
- 1987 - Orenstein & Koppel (O&K) (Germany)
- 1989 - Starlift (Netherlands)
- 1990 - Elevators Pty. Ltd./EPL (Australia)
- 1990 - Leonard Lifts (United Kingdom)
- 1992 - Ellis & McDougall (Scotland)
- 1994 - Joint venture of Indolift (Indonesia)
- 2005 - MacGregor-Kone (joint venture between Kone and MacGregor-Navire as their marine elevator & escalator department since 1994. They have over 50% market share in whole marine elevator & escalator market. It was taken over in 2005 as the Kone Marine nowadays)
- 2005 - Thyman (Thailand)
- 2011 - CNIM (Canadian division)
- 2011 - Long Elevator Company (United States)
- 2013 - Isralift (Israel)
- 2016 - thyssenkrupp Hissit Oy (Finland)
Note: KONE bought itself in ASEA-Graham's shareholders in 1968 and started partnership with it, sharing technology between them in scandinavia. KONE aquired the rest of ASEA-Graham elevators from ASEA in 1972 and renamed it "KONE Asea Graham". the Asea-Graham brand was dropped in 1974!
Orenstein & Koppel was first acquired in 1987 and later Kone buys the remaining escalator business of O&K in 1996 and the O&K escalators were re-branded as O&K - KONE. The O&K brand was later dropped completely and officially defunct.
- Yusoki Sdn Bhd (Brunei)
- Comin Khmere (Cambodia)
- Isralift (Israel)
- Comin Asia (Laos)
- Octagon Automobile & Machinery Services (Myanmar)
- Elebest Engineering (Sarawak, Malaysia)
- Thien Nam Elevator (Vietnam)
- Kresta Laurel Limited (Nigeria)
Main article: List of notable Kone elevator installations
In November 2006, Kone was fined 479 million Euros by the European Union after found out that Mitsubishi was doing price fixing over 9 years. Other manufacturers that was involved in the price fixing cartel incident was Otis, Schindler and Mitsubishi Electric Elevator Europe.
- The company name is sometimes known as "KONE Oyj" in Finnish.
- In the Finnish language, Kone means "machine" or "device".
- In some elevators installed in the East West, North South, and Circle Lines stations in the Singapore MRT, the elevator uses the EcoDisc hoisting machine but the elevator cab is Toshiba and occasionally Toshiba Chevalier.
- Liftkompleks is a distributor of Belarussian subsidiary of Kone in Belarus.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 Kone - Toshiba alliance
- ↑ Kone - 2002-2004
- ↑ KONE Press Release June 10, 2013 - KONE UltraRope
- ↑ KONE’s NanoSpace Replaces an Old Elevator in Two Weeks
- ↑ KONE lanserar ProSpace, en ny hisslösning för fastigheter som saknar hiss (SV)
- ↑ MacGREGOR’s marine elevator business is being transferred to KONE while MacGREGOR concentrates on marine cargo handling: the service continues, May 3, 2005
- ↑ hkelev - Lifts in Europe
- ↑ Kone Cargotec Acquires MacGREGOR Group
- ↑ Nowadays, MacGregor Navire (or entirely Cargotec) and Kone still be a partnership.
- ↑ Originally a distributor for Kone elevators in Israel, but also make their own elevators.
- ↑ Price fixing cartel incident
- Kone Elevator Fixtures Guide (for elevator fixtures found in Asia and Europe)
- Kone Elevator Fixtures Guide (American) (for elevator fixtures found in the United States)
- Official website
- History of KONE
- Internationalization - KONE
- KONE Spares (Official spare part website)
- KONE Corporation YouTube channel