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Kone fail indicator

A sign indicate that is a Fireman's elevator. That is also a normal Kone passenger elevator when it not in fire service mode.[1]

Sigma Fire Service only Lobby

A lobby to be used in case of fire only, with the sign indicate that is a Fireman's elevator (hence there contains fireman's switch and floor indicator only and no call buttons in the lobby). That is also a normal Sigma passenger elevator when it not in fire service mode while the entrance in normal mode is on the other side.

Fireman's elevator (or Firefighter's elevator in the United States) is a type of elevator which enables firefighters to use in order to rescue people who may be trapped on upper floors during an event of fire in a building. Fireman's elevators are typically a normal passenger or service/freight elevators, and they have the fireman's service mode activated by a keyswitch (for United States, Australia, Germany, etc.) or a toggle switch (for countries in Asia and United Kingdom).

Fireman's elevator typically identified by a sign says FIREMAN LIFT, FIREMAN'S LIFT[2], FIREMEN'S LIFT, FIREMAN'S ELEVATOR, FIRE LIFT, FE in Mitsubishi elevator or "消防升降機" in Chinese[2].

In Australia, some fireman's elevators are designed to allow passengers to use them as part of fire evacuation procedures. They are known as "Protected Elevators", and have to meet extra standards and reinforcement to keep passengers safe in an emergency[3].

Requirement for fireman's elevator

Hong Kong's code of practice[4]

  • At least 680kg (9 persons) capacity.
  • At least 1.1m width on every side of the car and 1.35m2.
  • At least 800mm width and 2m height for doors.
  • Elevator doors must be automatic (close).
  • Any doors and gates locked with key is prohibited unless they can unlock when the fireman's service mode active.
  • Only 3 fireman's elevators or less can be accommodated in the same shaft and cannot accommodate any normal elevators (which cannot active the fireman's service mode).
  • Two power supply is needed, normal and emergency power generator (applied in the buildings built in 1980s or later).
  • Fireman's elevator must be finished in whole trip within one minute.

How it works

Active by a keyswitch

Fireman's elevator operates in two phases; Phase One and Phase Two. In Phase One, activated smoke detectors or hallway keyswitches direct elevators to go to a fire recall floor. Elevators traveling away from this designated landing reverse direction and proceed without stopping. Upon reaching the designated landing, passengers are able to exit the elevator and building safely. The elevators are then removed from normal service. Once removed from normal service, the elevators will no longer accept car or hall calls.

During Phase Two, once the elevator has reached its designated landing and all passengers are safely evacuated, firefighters can take exclusive control of the elevator using a special Firefighter’s Service Keyswitch. This mode of Fire Service allows firefighters to continue to utilize the elevator to rescue people from other floors.

Active by a toggle switch

Fireman's elevator operates in one phase only. If the toggle switch (or triangle-shaped toggle keyswitch) active, the designated fireman's elevator will go to a fire recall floor. Elevators traveling away from this designated landing reverse direction and proceed without stopping. Upon reaching the designated landing, passengers are able to exit the elevator and building safely. The elevators are then removed from normal service. Once removed from normal service, the elevators will no longer accept hall calls. when the firefighters get in the elevator will don't need to use a special Firefighter’s Service Keyswitch because it already active by a toggle switch. This mode of Fire Service allows firefighters to continue to utilize the elevator to rescue people from other floors because it will stop at the nearest floor by the firemen registered and call cancelled automatically (if other floors was registered before the elevator arrived the nearest floor).

Voice messages when the fire recall activated

  • "發生火警,請立即離開 (Cantonese), 發生火災,請立刻離開 (Putunghua), Fire! exit immediately (English)" - elevators installed in the Hong Kong Mass Transit Railways (MTR) stations.[5]

Gallery

Fire switches

See also: Elevator fireman switch guide

Toggle/push switch

Keyswitch

Signs

Other

Videos

Notes and references

See also

External links

Elevator 

Drive systems: Traction • Winding Drum • Hydraulic


Types of elevators: Double DeckDumbwaiterFireman'sFreightIncline • PassengerResidentialWheelchair lift


Concept: Destination dispatchElevator algorithm • Elevator control systemElevator machine room • Elevator maintenanceElevator major alterationsElevator modernizationMachine room less elevator


Elevator systems, controllers and equipments: Elevator fixtures • Elevator keys • Elevator special modesElevator doorsDoor camDoor interlocks (Interlock wiring communication system) • Door restrictorElevator Inspection CertificateEmergency stop buttonFloor designatorsGate switch • Old Deadman controls • Overspeed governorMotor-generator set & Silicon-controlled rectifier (for DC-powered elevators) • Insulated-gate bipolar transistor (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators) • Regenerative converter (for AC-VVVF-powered elevators)


See also: List of elevator fixtures guide • List of elevator and escalator companies • Elevator door sill guide (Generic elevator component door sill guide) • Floor numbering (Unlucky floor numbers) • Elevator incidents and accidents

Elevator Special Modes 

Anti-Crime Protection (ACP)Attendant service (AS)Earthquake emergency return (EER)Emergency power operation (EPR) • Fire service mode (EFS) (Fireman's elevator) • Independent service (ISC) • Inspection service (INS) • Medical emergency/Code Blue service (EHS)Nudge modeOut of service • Peak times modes (Up peak (MIT) • Down peak) • Pet modeSabbath service (SHO)


See Also: List of Elevator and Escalator Brands • Elevator Fixtures Guide


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